STAMP 基准比额表

应试者在考试的每个部分都会得到一个分数(基准水平)基准水平 按主要级别(初级、中级和高级)分组在每个主要级别中又有三个子级别(低、中、高),与 ACTFL 能力指南保持一致。

STAMP 基准比额表


Developmentally, test takers at different ages have a different approach to both topics/content and contexts. Therefore, we have created our assessments with two developmental groupings in mind:

  • 六年级及以下
  • 七年级至成人

Scoring and rating for all STAMP assessments is done using benchmark levels. Test takers may achieve the following benchmark levels:


AssessmentSection Benchmark Levels
纹章Reading, Listening sections: 1-6*
Writing, Speaking sections: 1-8
STAMP for Hebrew (Grade Band 2-6)Reading, Listening sections: 1-9
Writing, Speaking sections: 1-8
*STAMPe test takers can achieve 6+ (Pre-Advanced) benchmark level for Reading and Listening Sections.


AssessmentSection Benchmark Levels
STAMP, STAMP Pro, STAMP Monolingual, STAMP MedicalReading, Listening sections: 1-9
Writing, Speaking sections: 1-8
戳记 WS Self-Evaluation sections: 1-7**
Writing, Speaking sections: 1-8
ASL的STAMPReceptive section: 1-9
Expressive section: 1-8
拉丁语的STAMPReading section: 1-9
STAMP for Hebrew (Grade Band 7+)Reading, Listening sections: 1-9
Writing, Speaking sections: 1-8
STAMP assessments with self-evaluation sectionsSelf-Evaluation sections: 1-7**
Writing, Speaking, or Expressive sections: 1-8
**Not included in composite score calculation.

 Please refer to the Reporting Guides for more information.

Writing, Speaking, Expressive Sections


The Writing, Speaking, and Expressive responses are rated by Avant Certified Raters using STAMP and STAMP for ASL Rubrics. Rubrics outline in detail what expectations are placed upon the test takers for performance at any given level. Test takers who hope to attain a specific level should know the characteristics of the work they must produce to meet the requirements of that proficiency level.


Rating is done using STAMP rubric and the following three-step rating process:

步骤 1 - 对答复进行总体评价,以评估可批准性

Avant raters first determine if the response is on topic and appropriate for the given prompt. If the response is off-topic, contains any profanity, includes any menacing or threatening language, shows evidence of Test Agreement Violation, or if it has non-target language, the response will be treated as unresponsive and receive a Zero score. If the test taker experienced technical issues, including the use of a special keyboard or input system for character-based languages, they will receive an “NR” score for that response. Please refer to Avant’s Test Retake and Reset Policy for more information.

第 2 步--评估每个应评级的答复。

Avant raters evaluate each ratable response to determine a Benchmark Level based upon Text-Type characteristics (Novice-Low through Advanced-Mid), along with an indication of Language Control characteristics (accuracy/comprehensibility) with a possible score of High, Average, or Low.

第 3 步 - 公布每个答复的分数。


Note: 20% of all test taker responses are rated by a second rater to assist in tracking rater accuracy and reliability.

The same rubric is used for all Speaking and Writing responses. Individual responses are moved into the Avant Rating system once all three prompts have been submitted by the test taker.  The target turnaround time is based on the date of the last completed response.  There is an expected turnaround time of 7-10 days for most languages with a 10–12 day turnaround for less commonly tested languages.

Reading, Listening, Receptive Sections


The Reading, Listening, and Receptive section scores are generated by the computer.
Each question has an associated benchmark level. Test takers experience questions at various levels because the reading, listening, and receptive sections are computer-adaptive. The algorithm used to determine the test taker’s scores for these sections looks at the number of questions that were answered correctly at each benchmark level.

Question Topics

The chart below shows topics typically associated with the Benchmark Levels for Reading, Listening, and Receptive questions. The chart also shows characteristics associated with the levels.

新手- 自我
- 日历/时间
- 颜色/形状
- 宠物/动物
- 学校/教室
- 天气/季节
- 服装
- 食物/饮料
- 家庭/朋友
- 主页
- 地点/地理
- 社区
- 日常活动
- 购物/商店
- 休闲/活动

- 依赖已学过的短语和基本词汇
- 能够识别基本文章的目的
- 能够理解核心的简单公式化语句
中级- 健康
- 节日/庆祝活动
- 职业/专业
- 交通/旅行/度假
- 未来计划
- 文化
- 当代问题
- 时事
- 经济
- 文学
- 科学
- 社会科学
- 历史
- 以及新手主题的更多深度内容

- 在阅读中,能够理解日常用语的大意和明确的细节
- 能够运用语言知识理解日常材料中的信息
- 能够跟上有关常见话题的简短对话和公告,并回答有关大意和明确细节的问题
高级- 艺术
- 政治
- 宗教
- 数学
- 外加初级和中级主题的更多深度内容

- 能理解和使用语言,以获取直接信息为目的。
- 能理解面向普通听众的大多数事实性、非专业性材料的内容
- 能理解大多数事实性、非专业性口头语言的内容

请注意,题目并不是确定 STAMP 测试问题级别的唯一标准。新手水平的应试者可能知道中级或高级水平可能出现的话题的已学短语和基本词汇。